Top 10 Causes of Urinary Tract Infection in Women
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common ailment that can affect anyone but is more prevalent in women. UTI can happen in any part of the urinary tract, including kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra.
Typically, UTI happens when bacteria, fungus, or virus invades the urinary tract, leading to inflammation or infection. Unfortunately, women are at a higher risk of developing UTI than men, with one in every two women likely to experience UTI in their lifetime.
1. Unprotected sexual activity
Sure, sex feels amazing without condom. There is no substitute for raw skin to skin contact with your lover. However, this is ony true if both partners are into long term committed relationshi.
Unprotected sexual activity is one of the leading causes of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women. This occurs when bacteria from the genital area are transferred into the urinary tract, causing an infection.
Sexual activity can increase a woman’s risk of UTI, particularly if she is sexually active with multiple partners, has a history of UTIs, or uses certain types of contraception such as diaphragms or spermicides.
2. Use of catheters
The use of catheters is a significant cause of urinary tract infections in women. Catheters are medical devices used to drain urine from the bladder, which can be either short-term or long-term.
However, prolonged use of catheters can cause irritation and trauma to the urethra and bladder, and can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract, leading to infection.
3. Poor hygiene practices
Poor hygiene practices can also be a significant cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women. Ignoring the basic sanitation measures while using washrooms can lead to the spread of bacteria, causing UTIs.
Women who do not clean their genital area thoroughly after using the toilet or who wipe back to front increase their chances of bacterial infection.
Oral sex is another cause of UTI in women. The bacteria that live in the mouth can be transferred to the urethra during oral sex, leading to an infection.
It’s also good idea to pee and clean after having sex instead of falling asleep right away!
4. Kidney stone
Kidney stones are the fourth leading cause of urinary tract infections in women. These small, hard mineral deposits can form in the kidneys and cause blockages in the urinary tract, leading to pain, discomfort, and infection.
While kidney stones can affect anyone, women are at higher risk of developing them due to factors like hormonal fluctuations, pregnancy, and certain medical conditions.
Diabetes is considered one of the top 10 causes of urinary tract infections in women. The disease can affect the immune system and make the body more susceptible to infections.
Diabetes can also cause nerve damage in the bladder, which can prevent it from fully emptying, leading to bacteria growth and UTIs.
Women with diabetes may also have high levels of glucose in their urine, which is an ideal environment for bacteria growth.
Pregnancy is a significant risk factor for the development of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women.
The growing uterus during pregnancy puts pressure on the bladder, making it more difficult to empty completely, which can lead to the stagnation of urine in the bladder.
The hormonal changes during pregnancy can also cause changes in the urinary tract, making it more susceptible to bacterial infections.
7. Weak immune system
A weakened immune system is one of the top 10 causes of urinary tract infection (UTI) in women. The immune system plays a crucial role in defending the body against infections, including those of the urinary tract.
Early studies suggest that individuals with weak immune systems are more prone to UTIs than those with a healthy immune system.
The weakening of the immune system can stem from various factors, such as age, poor nutrition, stress, and certain medical conditions such as HIV/AIDS, diabetes, cancer, and autoimmune disorders.
8. Use of spermicides
One of the top 10 causes of urinary tract infection (UTI) in women is the use of spermicides. While these products can be effective in preventing pregnancy, they contain chemicals that can irritate the delicate tissues of the urinary tract and increase the risk of infection.
Spermicides work by killing or immobilizing sperm, and they are available in many forms, such as foams, gels, creams, and films.
However, these products can also disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina, leading to an overgrowth of harmful bacteria and an increased risk of UTIs.
9. Use of certain contraceptives
The use of certain contraceptives can be a contributing factor to the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women.
Some contraceptives, such as spermicides, diaphragms, and certain types of intrauterine devices (IUDs) can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina. Thus it is easier for bacteria to travel up into the urinary tract.
10. Contaminated food or water
Contaminated food or water is a common cause of urinary tract infection (UTI) in women. Consuming food or water that has been contaminated with bacteria, such as E. coli, can lead to the development of UTI.
This is especially true if the bacteria enters the urinary tract, causing inflammation and infection. Contaminated food or water can be particularly dangerous for women who have a weakened immune system or are pregnant.
Urinary Tract Infections Treatments
When you know the causes of UTI you know how to prevent them.
Most UTIs are treatable with antibiotics, it’s critical to know the causes of the infection so that we can take preventive measures. Research has shown that most UTIs are preventable if the underlying causes are addressed. Therefore, it’s essential to understand what triggers the condition to avoid it altogether.
Supplements for UTI
Some supplements are good for preventing and curing UTI.
Cranberry is one such supplement that has been proven to be effective in treating UTI. Cranberry works by preventing bacteria from sticking to the walls of the urinary tract and bladder, thus helping to clear away the infection.
Cranberry with probiotics and bacteriophages gives long term benefit for UTI. Further it improves immunity.
It can also help with other symptoms of UTI such as burning, pain and frequent urination. Cranberry is available in many forms, including juice, tablets, capsules, and powder.